The Causes Symptoms and Treatments of Retinal Disease
The term “retinal disease” refers to a variety of conditions that can cause dysfunction or failure of the retinal portion of the eye. The retina is the interior surface of the eyeball. When light strikes the rods and cones located on the eye’s retina, it creates electrical impulses which travel to the brain, where they are decoded into images that the mind understands and processes.
Diseases of the retina can lead to blurred vision, tunnel vision, or total blindness.
In younger people, retinal disease is often caused by another secondary disease, such as diabetes. In older adults, the most common forms of retinal disease are caused by age-related conditions, such as macular degeneration.
Retinal Disease Symptoms
Among younger people, diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of retinal disease-related vision loss. Diabetes can cause progressive damage throughout the body, but it frequently results in damage to the retina. When diabetic retinopathy is in its early stages, there may be few or no symptoms. But if it is diagnosed early, there is a 90% chance that juvenile blindness can be avoided.
When children are diagnosed with diabetes, typically their treatment plan will include an eye examination at least once every two years. If diabetic retinopathy is discovered, these examinations of the eyes will be more frequent.
A common treatment for diabetic retinopathy is a specialised laser eye treatment that can reverse the damage to the retina caused by the disease.
Macular degeneration is a relative common condition among older adults. It affects the central vision of the eye which is used for fine visual tasks and for reading.
One of the first symptoms of macular degeneration is distorted vision. The patient will complain that straight objects appear bent. In other cases, symptoms can include blind spots, dark patches in centre of the visual track, or a combination of all of these.
Macular degeneration can develop independently in either eye, or simultaneously in both eyes, so it is important to have both eyes checked regularly, especially if there are changes to your vision. When a person’s vision in one eye is affected by macular degeneration, they may not notice it right away because the other eye can sometimes compensate for the distortion in the first eye.
Early screening and diagnosis are important for preventing permanent vision damage caused by macular degeneration. If it is caught early enough, there are highly effective treatments for neovascular, or “wet”, macular degeneration. Also see Ethos Bright Eyes Drops for AMD.
A less common retinal disease is retinal detachment. This is when a portion of the retina tears or becomes detached from the rest of the retinal portion of the inner eye. It can result in partial or total vision loss.
Early warning signs of a detached retina include lines or spots that suddenly and unexpectedly appear in the line of vision. Some people say they look like insects or birds that are suddenly flying across the field of vision. Other warning signs include “lightning streaks” or sudden light flashes that appear in the peripheral vision.
Detached retina often can be treated using laser treatments if symptoms are caught early enough.
Using Bright Eyes to Prevent Retinal Disease
Ethos Bright Eyes are specialised eye drops that has been scientifically engineered to prevent the development of retinal disease. Applying just a few drops of Bright Eyes to your eyes daily can help improve eye health and eliminate the conditions that can lead to retinal disease, including eye irritation, dryness, redness and pain.
Avoid experiencing any symptoms of retinal disease by using Bright Eyes to give your tired, aching eyes the relief they need before temporary or permanent damage can occur.
Author: Professor Steven Charles Gallant